HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that destroys immune system cells and impairs your capacity to fight infections and illness. Everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 should get at least one HIV test, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). If you are at a higher risk of infection, you should have your blood tested once a year. The CDC advises sexually active homosexual and bisexual men to be tested every three to six months.
Keep on reading to know more about HIV Test including preparation, window period, understanding test results, HIV test price, etc
HIV Test – An Overview
How is the HIV Test Performed?
A sample of blood or saliva is used for rapid HIV testing. A needle is used to take blood from a vein in your arm or hand for a blood sample. Your healthcare professional will rub a special swab against your gums to collect a saliva sample.
What is HIV Test?
HIV tests are used to detect the presence of an HIV infection. HIV testing can be used as a routine screening test and as a diagnostic test following probable HIV exposure. It can also be used on patients with HIV-related symptoms.
HIV testing is critical for reducing the spread of HIV infection. Because many people are unaware that they are infected with HIV, they may be less inclined to take steps to help prevent the virus from spreading to others. Furthermore, early diagnosis frequently results in treatment with medications that may prevent the progression to AIDS.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is divided into two types: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 was the first to be found and is the most common worldwide, but HIV-2 is less harmful and is primarily restricted to West Africa.
The term AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) refers to a group of potentially fatal diseases and disorders that occur when your immune system has been badly compromised by HIV. While AIDS cannot be passed from person to person, HIV may. There is no cure for HIV at the moment, but there are extremely efficient pharmacological therapies that allow most people infected with the virus to enjoy a long and healthy life.
Majority of the people with HIV will not acquire AIDS-related diseases and will live a near-normal life if they are diagnosed early and treated effectively.
If a person becomes infected with HIV, early testing and treatment can be beneficial to:
- boost their mental state
- reduce their chances of illness development
- avert the emergence of stage 3 HIV, often known as AIDS
- minimize their risk of spreading the illness to others
Why is the HIV Test Done?
If your doctor suspects you have HIV, you may be subjected to this test. These are some of the indications and symptoms of HIV infection:
- Rapid weight loss
- Sweating during the night or fever
- Extreme exhaustion
- Lymph nodes that are swollen
- Spots of white in your mouth or throat
- Ongoing diarrhea (chronic)
- Splotches of reddish color on your skin or in your mouth
When is the HIV Test Performed?
HIV testing is performed on those who are at a higher risk of developing HIV, such as:
- persons who have an HIV-positive current or previous relationship
- guys who have unprotected intercourse with men
- People who inject drugs and share equipment
- people who have shared sex toys with an HIV-positive person
- people with a history of sexually transmitted illnesses, hepatitis B or hepatitis C
- people who have had several sexual partners
- people who have been raped
- people who have gotten a blood transfusion or transplant
- Healthcare personnel who may have unintentionally pricked themselves with an infected needle; however, the risk is minimal.
- Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
How to Prepare for the HIV Test?
No special preparation is required for the HIV Test.
Risks/Side Effects of HIV Test
There are no such risks linked with HIV testing.
What Does the HIV Test Measure?
HIV is often diagnosed by looking for antibodies against the virus in your blood or in a sample of cells collected with a swab from inside your cheek.
Normal Range: Negative (Non-Reactive)
Why Choose SpiceHealth?
SpiceHealth is a perfect ally in your journey to wellness. At SpiceHealth, we believe that quality healthcare is a human right. With a team of 200+ experts, 14+ labs, and lacs of happy patrons, SpiceHealth is growing exponentially and strives to provide accessible and affordable quality health care to one and all. We use the latest-in-technology that ensures accurate and error-free results in less time. SpiceHealth provides walk-in centers, mobile testing, and home-collection services with economical pricing and advanced care. Accurate- Affordable- Fast are the words we live by. Get the most economical HIV test online today!
THINGS TO KNOW AFTER GETTING TESTED
Understanding HIV Test Results
Positive or Negative HIV test results are reported. HIV test results should be read with caution since follow-up testing is frequently required, and patients must remember the test’s window time.
The interval between when a person becomes infected with HIV and when a test may identify the virus is referred to as the window period. The window duration ranges from around 3 to 12 weeks.
A negative HIV test result indicates that there were no HIV antibodies discovered in the test sample. If a person has had no possible HIV exposure within the test’s window period, they are considered HIV-negative. If a person has had possible exposure during the test’s window period, the HIV testing must be performed after the window period has passed.
Positive test findings suggest the presence of an antibody against HIV-1/2. If the initial test results are positive, indicating that there is HIV evidence, a confirmatory test will be undertaken to look for the virus in a different method. If the confirmatory test also comes back positive, the results are considered conclusive confirmation that you have HIV.
If you are HIV-positive, additional tests will be done to determine the optimal medicine combination depending on the genetic composition of your virus. Other tests will be conducted regularly to assess your immune system’s strength (CD4 count) and to monitor the level of virus in your blood before and throughout treatment (viral load)
False-negative findings have been recorded during the window period and towards the final stage of the illness.
False-positive findings have been seen in autoimmune illnesses, alcoholic hepatitis, leprosy, multiple pregnancies, and rheumatoid arthritis.
STEPS OF BOOKING
Instructions To Book an Appointment
The details about this test mentioned on our website are for reference purpose only. It is recommended to contact a doctor for interpreting and understanding the test reports. Instead of searching 'HIV test near me' on the web, all you need to do is, visit our website www.spicehealth.com and book an HIV test online. Just enter your mobile number or mail, generate an OTP, add your details, and schedule your appointment. No documents are needed at the time of booking; a few basic details are all we want. Also, we offer contactless doorstep collection services as well.
You can also book the appointment for your test by dialing our customer care number i.e. +91-124-4967000.
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